Gate Chemical Engineering Question Papers – Year 2009 – Part 03

  1. The inverse Laplace transform of is
  1. e-t/2 – e-t (B) 2e-t/2 – e-t
  1. e-t – 2e-t/2 (D) e-t – e-t/2
  1. The characteristic equation of a closed loop system using a proportional controller with gain Kc is

12 s3 + 19 s2 + 8 s + 1 + Kc = 0




At the onset of instability, the value of Kc is

  1. 35/3 (B) 10 (C) 25/3 (D) 20/3
  1. The block diagram for a control system is shown below :

For a unit step change in the set point, R(s), the steady state offset in the output Y(s) is

(A) 0.2 (B) 0.3 (C) 0.4 (D) 0.5

  1. For a tank of cross-sectional area 100 cm2 and inlet flow rate (Qi in cm3/s), the outlet flow rate (Qo in cm3/s) is related to the liquid height (H in cm) as Qo = 3 ? H (see figure below).

Then the transfer function (overbar indicates deviation variables) of the process around the steady-state point, Qi,s = 18 cm3/s and Hs = 36 cm, is

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

  1. A column costs Rs. 5.0 lakhs and has a useful life of 10 years. Using the double declining balance depreciation method, the book value of the unit at the end of five years (in lakhs of Rs.) is

(A) 1.21 (B) 1.31 (C) 1.64 (D) 2.05

  1. An equi-molar mixture of four hydrocarbons (1, 2, 3, 4) is to be separated into high purity individual components using a sequence of simple distillation columns (one overhead and one bottom stream). Four possible schemes are shown below.

Scheme R Scheme S

Using the Ki (+ yi*/xi) values given above, the optimal scheme is

(A) P (B) Q (C) R (D) S

  1. Match the equipment in Group I to the internals in Group II.

GROUP I GROUP II

  1. Centrifugal pump 1. Baffle
  2. Distillation column 2. Impeller
  3. Heat exchanger 3. Tray
  1. Volute

(A) P-2, Q-1, R-4 (B) P-2, Q-4, R-3

(C) P-1, Q-3, R-4 (D) P-4, Q-3, R-1

  1. Match the product in Group I with the name of the process in Group II.

1 GROUP I GROUP II

2 P. Sodium carbonate 1. Haber

3 Q. Ammonia 2. Solvay

4 R. Sulphuric acid 3. Fischer-Tropsch

  1. Contact

(A) P-2, Q-1, R-4 (B) P-4, Q-1, R-2

(C) P-3, Q-4, R-2 (D) P-2, Q-1, R-3

  1. Match the product in Group I to the raw material in Group II.

1 GROUP I GROUP II

2 P. Ethylene 1. Natural gas

3 Q. Methanol 2. Synthesis gas

4 R. Phthalic anhydride 3. Naphtha

  1. Naphthalene

(A) P-1, Q-2, R-3 (B) P-2, Q-1, R-4

(C) P-3, Q-1, R-4 (D) P-3, Q-2, R-4

  1. Match the unit process in Group I with the industry in Group II GROUP I GROUP II
  1. Steam cracking 1. Petroleum refining
  2. Hydrocracking 2. Petrochemicals
  3. Condensation 3. Polymers

4 Soaps and Detergents

(A) P-1, Q-2, R-3 (B) P-2, Q-3, R-3

(C) P-1, Q-2, R-4 (D) P-2, Q-1, R-3

Common Data Questions

Common Data for Questions 51 and 52 :

An ideal gas with molar heat capacity (where R = 8.314 J/mol.K) is compressed adiabatically from 1 bar and 300 K to pressure P2 in a closed system. The final temperature after compression is 600 K and the mechanical efficiency of compression is 50%.

  1. The work required for compression (in kJ/mol) is

(A) 3.74 (B) 6.24 (C) 7.48 (D) 12.48

  1. The final pressure P2 (in bar) is
  1. 23/4 (B) 25/4 (C) 23/2 (D) 25/2

Common Data for Questions 53 and 54 :

A slab of thickness L with one side (x = 0) insulated and the other side (x = L) maintained at a constant temperature T0is shown below.

A uniformly distributed internal heat source produces heat in the slab at the rate of S W/m3. Assume the heat conduction to be steady and 1-D along the x-direction.

  1. The maximum temperature in the slab occurs at x equal to
  1. 0 (B) L/4 (C) L/2 (D) L
  1. The heat flux at x = L is
  1. 0 (B) S L/4 (C) S L/2 (D) S L

Common Data for Questions 53 and 54 :

A flash distillation drum (see figure below) is used to separate a methanol-water mixture. The mole fraction of methanol in the feed is 0.5, and the feed flow rate is 1000 kmol/hr. The feed is preheated in a heater with heat duty Qh and is subsequently flashed in the drum. The flash drum can be assumed to be an equilibrium stage, operating adiabatically. The equilibrium relation between the mole fractions of methanol in the vapor and liquid phases is y* = 4 x. The ratio of distillate to feed flow rate is 0.5.

  1. The mole fraction of methanol in the distillate is

(A) 0.2 (B) 0.7 (C) 0.8 (D) 0.9

  1. If the enthalpy of the distillate with reference to the feed is 3000 kJ/kmol, and the enthalpy of the bottoms with reference to the feed is –1000 kJ/kmol, the heat duty of the preheater (Qh in kJ/hr) is
  1. –2×106 (B) –1×106 (C) 1×106 (D) 2×106

Linked Answer Questions :

Statement for Linked Answer Question 57 and 58 :

A free jet of water is emerging from a nozzle (diameter 75 mm) attached to a pipe (diameter 225 mm) as shown below.

The velocity of water at point A is 18 m/s. Neglect friction in the pipe and nozzle. Use g = 9.81 m/s2 and density of water = 1000 kg/m3.

  1. The velocity of water at the tip of the nozzle (in m/s) is

(A) 13.4 (B) 18.0 (C) 23.2 (D) 27.1

  1. The gauge pressure (in kPa) at point B is

(A) 80.0 (B) 100.0 (C) 239.3 (D) 367.6

Statement for Linked Answer Questions 59 and 60 :

The liquid-phase reaction AàB + C is conducted isothermally at 50°C in a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR). The inlet concentration of A is 8.0 gmol/liter. At a space time of 5 minutes, the concentration of A at the exit of CSTR is 4.0 gmol/liter. The kinetics of the reaction is

A plug flow reactor of the same volume is added in series after the existing CSTR.

  1. The rate constant (k) for this reaction at 50°C is

(A) 0.2 (B) 0.2

(C) 0.4 (D) 0.4

  1. The concentration of A (in gmol/liter) at the exit of the plug flow reactor is

(A) 0.5 (B) 1.0 (C) 2.0 (D) 2.5

Gate Chemical Engineering Question Papers – Year 2009 – Part 02

  1. 21 to Q. 60 carry two marks each.
  1. The value of the limit –is



(A) –? (B) 0 (C) 1 (D) ?

  1. The general solution of the differential equation –

= 0,

with C1 and C2 as constants of integration, is

  1. C1 e-3x + C2 e-2x (B) C1 e3x + C2 e-2x
  1. C1 e3x + C2 e2x (D) C1 e-3x + C2 e2x
  1. Using the residue theorem, the value of the integral (counter clockwise)

around a circle with center at z = 0 and radius = 8 (where z is a complex number and i = ), is

  1. – 20? i (B) – 40? (C) – 40? i (D) 40? i
  1. Consider the integral,

over the surface of a sphere of radius = 3 with center at the origin and surface unit normal n pointing away from the origin. Using the Gauss divergence theorem, the value of this integral is

(A) – 180? (B) 0 (C) 90? (D) 180?

  1. Using the trapezoidal rule and 4 equal intervals (n = 4), the calculated value of the integral (rounded to the first place of decimal)

1 is

(A) 1.7 (B) 1.9 (C) 2.0 (D) 2.1

  1. The eigenvalues of matrix are 5 and –1. Then the eigenvalues of –2A + 3I (I is a 2 x 2 identity matrix) are
  1. –7 and 5 (B) 7 and –5 (C) and (D) and
  1. A fair die is rolled. Let R denote the event of obtaining a number less than or equal to 5 and S denote the event of obtaining an odd number. Then which ONE of the following about the probability (P) is TRUE ?
  1. P(R/S) = 1 (B) P(R/S) = 0 (C) P(S/R) = 1 (D) P(S/R) = 0
  1. Pure water (stream W) is to be obtained from a feed containing 5 wt % salt using a desalination unit as shown below:

Recycle (R)
Feed (F) Mixed feed Effluent

5 wt % salt 10 wt % salt Desalination

unit

  1. Pure water (W)
  2. 0 % salt

If the overall recovery of pure water (through stream W) is 0.75 kg/kg feed, then the recycle ratio (R/F is

(A) 0.25 (B) 0.5 (C) 0.75 (D) 1.0

  1. For a binary mixture at constant temperature and pressure, which ONE of the following relations between activity coefficient (?i) and mole fraction (xi) is thermodynamically consistent ?
  1. ln ?1 = –1 + 2 x1 , ln ?2 =
  2. ln ?1 = –1 + 2 x1 , ln ?2 =
  3. ln ?1 = –1 + 2 x1 , ln ?2 =
  4. ln ?1 = –1 + 2 x1 , ln ?2 =
  1. Two identical reservoirs, open at the top, are drained through pipes attached to the bottom of the tanks as shown below. The two drain pipes are of the same length, but of different diameters (D1 > D2).

Assuming the flow to be steady and laminar in both drain pipes, if the volumetric flow rate in the larger pipe is 16 times of that in the smaller pipe, the ratio D1/D2 is

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 8 (D) 16

  1. For an incompressible flow, the x- and y- components of the velocity vector are

?x = 2 (x + y); ?y = 3 (y + z);

where x, y, z are in metres and velocities are in m/s. Then the z-component of the velocity vector (vz) of the flow for the boundary condition vz = 0 at z = 0 is

  1. 5 z (B) –5 z (C) 2x + 3z (D) –2x–3z
  1. The terminal settling velocity of a 6 mm diameter glass sphere (density: 2500 kg/m3) in a viscous Newtonian liquid (density: 1500 kg/m3) is 100 ?m/s. If the particle Reynolds number is small and the value of acceleration due to gravity is 9.81 m/s2, then the viscosity of the liquid (in Pa.s) is

(A) 100 (B) 196.2 (C) 245.3 (D) 490.5

  1. A well-insulted hemispherical furnace (radius = 1 m) is shown below:

The self-view factor of radiation for the curved surface 2 is

  1. 1/4 (B) 1/2 (C) 2/3 (D) 3/4
  1. A double-pipe heat exchanger is to be designed to heat 4 kg/s of a cold feed from 20 to 40°C using a hot stream available at 160°C and a flow rate of 1 kg/s. The two streams have equal specific heat capacities and the overall heat transfer coefficient of the heat exchanger is 640 W/m2.K. Then the ratio of the heat transfer areas require for the co-current to counter-current modes of operations is

(A) 0.73 (B) 0.92 (C) 1.085 (D) 1.25

  1. For the composite wall shown below (case 1), the steady state interface temperature is 180°C. If the thickness of layer P is doubled (Case 2), then the rate of heat transfer (assuming 1-D conduction) is reduction by

(A) 20% (B) 40% (C) 50% (D) 70%

  1. Species A is diffusing at steady state from the surface of a sphere (radius = 1 cm) into a stagnant fluid. If the diffusive flux at a distance r = 3 cm from the center of the sphere is 27 mol/cm2.s, the diffusive flux (in mol/cm2.s) at a distance r = 9 cm is

(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 9 (D) 27

  1. The feed to a binary distillation column has 40 mol % vapor and 60 mol % liquid. Then, the slope of the q-line in the McCabe-Thiele plot is

(A) –1.5 (B) –0.6 (C) 0.6 (D) 1.5

  1. The equilibrium moisture curve for a solid is shown below :

The total moisture content of the solid is X and it is exposed to air of relative humidity H. In the table below, Group Ilists the types of moisture, and Group II represents the region in the graph above

Group I Group II

  1. Equilibrium moisture 1
  2. Bound moisture 2
  3. Unbound moisture 3
  4. Free moisture 4

Which ONE of the following is the correct match ?

(A) P-1, Q-2, R-3, S-4 (B) P-1, Q-3, R-4, S-2

(C) P-1, Q-4, R-2, S-3 (D) P-1, Q-2, R-4, S-3

  1. The liquid-phase reaction A à B is conducted in an adiabatic plug flow reactor.

Data :

Inlet concentration of A = 4.0 k.mol/m3

Density of reaction moisture (independent of temperature = 1200 kg/m3

Average heat capacity of feed stream (independent of temperature) = 2000 J/kg.k

Heat of reaction (independent of temperature) = –120 kJ/mol of A reacting

If the maximum allowable temperature in the reactor is 800 K, then the feed temperature (in K) should not exceed.

(A) 400 (B) 500 (C) 600 (D) 700

  1. An isothermal pulse test is conducted on a reactor and the variation of the outlet tracer concentration with time is shown below :

The mean residence time of the fluid in the reactor (in minutes) is

(A) 5.0 (B) 7.5 (C) 10.0 (D) 15.0

Gate Chemical Engineering Question Papers – Year 2009 – Part 01

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING – Gate Chemical Engineering Question Papers – Year 2009

  • There are a total of 60 questions carrying 100 marks. Questions 1 through 20 are 1-mark questions; questions 21 through 60 are 2-mark questions.
  • Questions 51 through 56 (3 pairs) are common data questions and questions pairs (57, 58) and (59, 60) are linked answer questions. The answer to the second question of the above 2 pairs depends on the answer to the first question of the pair. It the first question in the linked pair is wrongly answered or is un-attempted, then the answer to the second question in the pair will not be evaluated.
  • Questions not attempted will carry zero marks.
  • Wrong answers will carry NEGATIVE marks. For Q.1 to Q.20, 1/3 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer. For Q.21 to Q.56, 2/3 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer. The questions pairs (Q.57, Q.58) and (Q.59, Q.60) are questions with linked answers. There will be negative marks only for wrong answer to the first question of the linked answer question pair i.e. for Q.57 and Q.59, 2/3 mark will be deduced for each wrong answer. There is no negative marking for Q.58 and Q.60.

Q.1 – Q.20 carry one mark each.

  1. The direction of largest increase of the function xy3 – x2 at the point (1,1) is



(A) (B) (C) (D)

  1. The modulus of the complex number is

(A) (B) (C) 1 (D)

  1. The system of linear equations Ax = 0, where A is an n ´ n matrix, has a non-trivial solution ONLY if
  1. rank of A > n (B) rank of A = n
  1. rank of A < n. (D) A is an identity matrix
  1. A dehumidifier (shown below) is used to completely remove water vapor from air.

Which ONE of the following statements is TRUE ?

  1. Water is the ONLY tie component
  2. Air is the ONLY tie component,
  3. BOTH water and air are the components
  4. There are NO tie components
  1. Dehydrogenation of ethane, C2H6 (g) àC2H4 (g) + H2 (g), is carried out in a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR). The feed is pure ethane. If the reactor exit stream contains unconverted ethane along with the products, then the number of degrees of freedom for the CSTR is

(A) 1, (B) 2, (C) 3, (D) 4

  1. An ideal gas at temperature T1 and pressure P1 is compressed isothermally to pressure P2 (> P1) in a closed system. Which ONE of the following is TRUE for internal energy (U) and Gibbs free energy (G) of the gas at the two states ?
  1. U1 = U2, G1 > G2 (B) U1 = U2, G1 < G2
  1. U1 > U2, G1 = G2 (D) U1 < U2, G1 = G2
  1. Under fully turbulent flow conditions, the frictional pressure drop across a packed bed varies with the superficial velocity (V) of the fluid as
  1. V -1 (B) V (C) V 3/2 (D) V 2
  1. For a mixing tank operating in the laminar regime, the power number varies with the Reynolds number (Re) as
  1. Re –1/2 (B) Re 1/2 (C) Re (D) Re -1
  1. During the transient convective cooling of a solid object, Biot numberà0 indicates.
  1. Uniform temperature throughout the object
  2. Negligible convection at the surface of the object
  3. Significant thermal resistance within the object
  4. Significant temperature gradient within the object
  1. The Prandtl number of a fluid is the ratio of
  1. Thermal diffusivity to momentum diffusivity
  2. Momentum diffusivity to thermal diffusivity
  3. Conductive resistance to convective resistance
  4. Thermal diffusivity to kinematic diffusivity
  1. According to the penetration theory of mass transfer, the mass transfer coefficient (k) varies with diffusion coefficient (D) of the diffusing species as
  1. D (B) D -1/2 (C) D 1/2 (D) D 3/2
  1. The ratio of the liquid to gas flow rate in a counter-current gas absorption column is increased at otherwise identical conditions. Which ONE of the following statements is TRUE ?
  1. The operating line shifts towards the equilibrium curve
  2. The operating line shifts away from the equilibrium curve
  3. The concentration of the absorbed species increases in the exit liquid stream
  4. The operating line dies not shift.
  1. For a homogeneous reaction system, where

Cj is the concentration of j at time t

Nj is the number of moles of j at time t

V is the reaction volume at time t

t is the reaction time.

The rate of reaction for species j is defined as

(A) (B) (C) (D)

  1. The half-life of a first order liquid phase reaction is 30 seconds. Then the rate constant, in min-1, is

(A) 0.0231 (B) 0.602 (C) 1.386 (D) 2.0

  1. For a solid-catalyzed reaction, the Thiele modulus is proportional to
  2. Which ONE of the following sensors is used for the measurement of temperature in a combustion process (T > 1800°C) ?
  1. Type J thermocouple, (B) Thermistor
  1. Resistance temperature detector, (D) Pyrometer.
  1. The roots of the characteristic equation of an under damped second order system are
  1. Real, negative and equal, (B) Real, negative and unequal,
  1. Real, positive and unequal, (D) Complex conjugates.
  1. The total fixed cost of a chemical plant is Rs. 10.0 lakhs; the internal rate of return is 15% and the annual operating cost is Rs. 2.0 lakhs. The annualized cost of the plant (in lakhs of Rs.) is

(A) 1.8 (B) 2.6 (C) 3.5 (D) 4.3

  1. In petroleum refining operations, the process used for converting paraffins and naphthenes to aromatics is
  1. Catalytic reforming (B) Catalytic cracking
  1. Hydrocarcking, (D) Alkylation.
  1. The active component of catalysts used in steam reforming of methane to produce synthesis gas is
  1. Nickel (B) Iron (C) Platinum (D) Palladium

Gate Syllabus Chemical Engineering

Process Calculations and Thermodynamics: Laws of conservation of mass and energy; use of tie components; recycle, bypass and purge calculations; degree of freedom analysis. First and Second laws of thermodynamics and their applications; equations of state and thermodynamic properties of real systems; phase equilibria; fugacity, excess properties and correlations of activity coefficients; chemical reaction equilibria.

Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations: Fluid statics, Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, Bernoulli equation, Macroscopic friction factors, energy balance, dimensional analysis, shell balances, flow through pipeline systems, flow meters, pumps and compressors, packed and fluidized beds, elementary boundary layer theory, size reduction and size separation; free and hindered settling; centrifuge and cyclones; thickening and classification, filtration, mixing and agitation; conveying of solids.

gate syllabus chemical engineering

Heat Transfer: Conduction, convection and radiation, heat transfer coefficients, steady and unsteady heat conduction, boiling, condensation and evaporation; types of heat exchangers and evaporators and their design.

Mass Transfer: Fick’s law, molecular diffusion in fluids, mass transfer coefficients, film, penetration and surface renewal theories; momentum, heat and mass transfer analogies; stagewise and continuous contacting and stage efficiencies; HTU & NTU concepts design and operation of equipment for distillation, absorption, leaching, liquid-liquid extraction, crystallization, drying, humidification, dehumidification and adsorption.

Chemical Reaction Engineering: Theories of reaction rates; kinetics of homogeneous reactions, interpretation of kinetic data, single and multiple reactions in ideal reactors, non-ideal reactors; residence time; non-isothermal reactors; kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions; diffusion effects in catalysis.

Instrumentation and Process Control: Measurement of process variables; sensors, transducers and their dynamics, dynamics of simple systems, dynamics such as CSTRs, transfer functions and responses of simple systems, process reaction curve, controller modes (P, PI, and PID); control valves; analysis of closed loop systems including stability, frequency response (including Bode plots) and controller tuning, cascade, feed forward control.

Plant Design and Economics: Design and sizing of chemical engineering equipment such as compressors, heat exchangers, multistage contactors; principles of process economics and cost estimation including total annualized cost, cost indexes, rate of return, payback period, discounted cash flow, optimization in Design.

Chemical Technology: Inorganic chemical industries; sulfuric acid, NaOH, fertilizers (Ammonia, Urea, SSP and TSP); natural products industries (Pulp and Paper, Sugar, Oil, and Fats); petroleum refining and petrochemicals; polymerization industries; polyethylene, polypropylene, PVC and polyester synthetic fibers.


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